Diaphanous: A Fashion Term That Continues to Outlast Every Trend
Venus was a Roman goddess, akin to Greek mythology‚Äôs Aphrodite, who represented love, beauty, fertility, and sex. There are countless statues and paintings depicting her likeness, most notably Sandro Botticelli‚Äôs ‚ÄúThe Birth of Venus‚Äù. In these statues and paintings, she appeared ‚Äúnaked or with diaphanous drapes‚Äù, as noted by writer Bettany Hughes. What little clothing Venus wore accented the work without distracting from her essence. This was the focus of diaphanous clothing early on and not much has changed in the centuries since.
Merriam-Webster defines diaphanous as ‚Äúcharacterized by such fineness of texture as to permit seeing through‚Äù, ‚Äúcharacterized by extreme delicacy of form‚Äù, and ‚Äúinsubstantial, vague‚Äù. However, it‚Äôs the first meaning that still sticks today.
Diaphanous first appeared in the 1610s. It was derived from the Greek word diaphanes. The prefix dia- means ‚Äúthrough‚Äù, and ‚Äìphanous means ‚Äúto show or to make visible‚Äù. Thus, diaphanous translates directly as ‚Äúto show through‚Äù.
In literature, diaphanous offered an elegant way to vividly illustrate characters. Revered British poet Edward Lear described a stuffed rhinoceros as a ‚Äúdiaphanous doorscraper‚Äù. In Act 2 of the classic ballet La Sylphide, Madge retrieves a diaphanous magic scarf from a cauldron. But it was the fashion industry itself that truly embraced the word.
The first bra was invented in 1914, as a layering piece for diaphanous gowns. Diaphanous florals and silks were the definitive spring looks in 1997, when design houses like Dolce & Gabbana, Nicole Miller, and Versace embraced all things sheer. Three years later, actress and entertainer Jennifer Lopez brought the term to the mainstream. ‚ÄúJen Lo made Donatella Versace‚Äôs diaphanous green fabric a national call to arms,‚Äù wrote one Vibe magazine critic. Perhaps this was the word‚Äôs peak of popularity.
But fashion‚Äôs love affair with sheer fabrics is still just as intense. Kitchen design company Brizo enlisted designer Jason Wu to craft a line of luxurious and diaphanous gowns, which were photographed alongside sleek faucets and kitchen gadgetry. Echoing 1997, diaphanous dresses became a top seasonal trend once again in 2011. And in October, in a piece highlighting Christian Dior‚Äôs first-ever female artistic director Maria Grazia Chiuri, Glamour magazine revisited the luxury label‚Äôs legacy of ‚Äúthe diaphanous and the dainty‚Äù.
One might wonder why diaphanous has only been applied to fashion when it has multiple meanings. The other definitions speak to sudden realizations or discoveries, but there‚Äôs another word, with similar Greek beginnings, that many consider more suitable. Epiphany, which means ‚Äúa usually sudden manifestation or perception of the essential nature or meaning of something‚Äù, breaks down to epi-, or ‚Äúon, to, upon‚Äù, and ‚Äìphany, ‚Äúto show‚Äù. Think of its meaning as ‚Äúbeing revealed when one is upon something‚Äù. It could easily translate to diaphanous‚Äô direct translation, ‚Äúto show through‚Äù, but history has dictated another path.
Perhaps fashion‚Äôs prevalent use of diaphanous, and the word‚Äôs timeless meaning, have allowed it to avoid the fate of other older English words, as well as older styles. Despite the fickle nature of the industry it‚Äôs tied to, diaphanous continues to outlast the trends.